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Hyaluronic acid is a natural substance found
in great abundance in young skin, and synovial fluid and other
tissues in humans and animals.
Over time, oxy radicals, produced mostly through
exposure to pollutants and sunlight, degrade and destroy hyaluronic
acid. Fifty year olds are estimated to have less than half the
hyaluronic acid they had in youth.
Our joints (like the elbows
and knees) are surrounded by a membrane called the synovial membrane,
which forms a capsule around the ends of the bones. This membrane
secretes a liquid called the synovial fluid. Basically, the synovial
fluid is found in joint cavities. It has many functions, including
serving as a lubricant, shock absorber and a nutrient carrier.
The fluid protects the joints and bones. Hyaluronic acid is a
key component in of Cartilage. Cartilage is immersed in the synovial
fluid and is a fibrous connective tissue. Cartilage is vascular,
meaning it contains no blood vessels. This is why the synovial
fluid is so important. Synovial fluid is the only way in which
nutrients can be carried into the cartilage and waste can be